The Russian Revolution was in 1917. It divides into two. First the people broke out. It was the honest February Revolution. Then there was the take over by the Bolsheviks, the coup d'etat of the professional subversives called the October Revolution. They were followed by the Russian Civil War which was won by the Bolsheviks using the Red Guards, who were the communists not the Whites, the Tsarist side or the Green armies, the peasants.
Perhaps the most important aspect is that the Octobrists were financed by Wall Street enabling them to survive. Without them Russia might have become a democracy with the saving of millions of lives. Wall Street and the Bolshevik Revolution tells us more about their treachery and their motive. This was greed. A captive market can be robbed easily. Free markets are loathed by Capitalist Swine and communist swine alike.
The real revolution was mainly the result of dreadful leadership from the Tsar, exacerbated by the stresses of the First World War. The coup d'etat of October was the action of professional trouble makers who were not even in the country in February. Lenin got back from Zürich in the Sealed Train with various henchmen. Trotsky had to go all the way from New York with $10,000 - say $1,000,000 in today's money. It was enough to start a revolution and given to him for that reason. Stalin only had to get back from Siberia, a much shorter journey.
There were Brits there at the time who wrote about events. See Observers for more on them. One was Bruce Lockhart, the British Consul General in Moscow at the time. He said:-
What it is important to realise is that from the first, revolution was a revolution of the people. From the first moment neither the Duma nor the intelligenzia had any control of the situation. Secondly the revolution was a revolution for land, bread and peace - but above all for peace. There was only one way to save Russia from going Bolshevik. That was to allow her to make peace. It was because he would not make peace that Kerensky went under. It was solely because he promised to stop war that Lenin came to the top.
Thus quoth Bruce Lockhart at page 172 of the Memoirs of a British Agent
February Revolution - Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia
The February Revolution (Russian: Февральская революция) of 1917 was the first of two revolutions in Russia in 1917. Centred around the then capital Petrograd (modern day St. Petersburg in March (late February in the Julian calendar) its immediate result was the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, the collapse of Imperial Russia and the end of the Romanov dynasty. Tsarism was replaced by a Russian Provisional Government under Prince Georgy Lvov, an alliance between liberals and socialists who wanted to instigate political reform, creating a democratically-elected executive and constituent assembly. Socialists also formed the Petrograd Soviet, and the two ruled together in a system known as Dual Power.
This revolution appeared to break out spontaneously, without any real leadership or formal planning. Russia had been suffering from a number of economic and social problems, which were compounded by the impact of the First World War. Bread rioters and industrial strikers were joined on the streets by disaffected elements of the city's garrison. As more and more troops deserted, and with loyal troops trapped at the Front, the city moved into a state of anarchy, prompting a revolution the Tsarist regime did not survive.
The February Revolution was followed in the same year by the October Revolution, bringing Bolshevik rule and a change in Russia's social structure, and paving the way for the USSR. The two revolutions constituted a change in the composition of the country: the first overthrew the Tsar, and the second instituted a new form of government.
A number of factors contributed to the downfall of the Tsarist regime in the spring of 1917, both short and longer term. Different historians apply different weights to each: liberal historians would emphasise the turmoil created by the war, whereas other writers, particularly those influenced by the Marxist theory of history would place their emphasis on the inevitability of change.
Despite its occurrence at the height of World War I, the roots of the February Revolution traced much further back in time. Chief among these was Imperial Russia's failure, throughout the 19th and early 20th century, to modernize its archaic social, economic and political structures whilst maintaining the stability of ubiquitous devotion to an autocratic monarch. As historian Richard Pipes writes, "the incompatibility of capitalism and autocracy struck all who gave thought to the matter".
Among the key problems facing Russia in the decades before the February Revolution were, therefore: an inefficient, autocratic political structure, complicating attempts at reform; an overwhelmingly rural population (83% were peasants in 1897); economic and technological backwardness relative to Western European powers such as Britain and France; an outdated and disorganized army; a corrupt bureaucracy; the growth of opposition parties and bodies like the Duma which could push for and facilitate regime change; and the existence of an "unusually large and fanatical body of professional revolutionaries" (the "revolutionary intelligentsia").
From these conditions sprang considerable agitation among peasants as well as the small working and professional classes. This tension had erupted into general revolt with the 1905 Revolution, and did so again under the strain of total war in 1917.
The revolution was provoked not only by Russian military failures during the First World War, but also by public dissatisfaction with the way the country was being run on the Home Front by Tsarina Alexandra Fyodorovna of Hesse and Tsar Nicholas's ministers, and the economic challenges Russia faced fighting a Total War..........
Vladimir Lenin, exiled in neutral Switzerland, arrived in Petrograd on April 3. He immediately began to undermine the provisional government, issuing his April Theses the next month. These theses were in favour of "revolutionary defeatism", as opposed to the "imperialist war" (whose "link to Capital" must be demonstrated to the masses) and the Social-Chauvinists (such as Georgi Plekhanov the grandfather of Russian socialism), who supported the war. Lenin also took control of the Bolshevik movement and stirred up the proletariat against the government with simple but meaningful slogans such as "Peace, bread and land", "End the war", "All power to the Soviets" and "All land to the peasants". Finally, he announced the necessary creation of a new International to replace the defunct Second International, dissolved in 1916 after the 1915 Zimmerwald Conference.
Initially, neither Lenin nor his ideas had widespread support, even among Bolsheviks. In what became known as the July Days, approximately half a million came out onto the streets of Petrograd in protest, including soldiers and sailors; Lenin proved incapable of directing them into an organised coup. The demonstrators, lacking leadership, disbanded and the government survived. The Provisional Government saw it as a Bolshevik coup nonetheless and issued arrest warrants for prominent Bolsheviks. Lenin fled to Finland and other members of the Bolshevik party were arrested. Lvov was replaced by the Socialist Revolutionary minister Alexander Kerensky as head of the government.
Kerensky declared freedom of speech, released thousands of political prisoners and did his best to maintain Russian involvement in World War I, but he faced numerous challenges, most of them related to the war: there were some very heavy military losses still being experienced out on the front; dissatisfied soldiers were deserting in larger numbers than before (although, when they got back home, they were generally either imprisoned or sent to the front once more); other political groups were doing their utmost to undermine him; there was a strong movement in favour of stopping Russia's involvement in the war, which was seen to be draining the country, and many who had initially supported it now wanted out; there was a great shortage of food and supplies, which was very difficult to remedy in wartime conditions. All of these were highlighted by the soldiers, urban workers and peasants, who claimed that little had been gained by the February Revolution. Kerensky was expected to deliver on his promises of jobs, land, and food almost instantaneously, and he had failed to do so.
Another issue for Kerensky, the Kornilov Affair, arose when Commander-in-Chief of the army, General Lavr Kornilov, directed an army under Aleksandr Krymov to march toward Petrograd with Kerenky's agreement. Although the details remain sketchy, it is clear that Kerensky became frightened by the possibility of a coup and this led him to countermand the order. On 27 August, feeling betrayed by the Kerenksy government who had previously agreed with his views on how to restore order to Russia, Kornilov pushed on towards Petrograd. With few troops to spare on the front, Kerensky was forced to turn to the Petrograd Soviet for help. Bolsheviks, Mensheviks and SRs confronted the army and convinced them to stand down. The damage was already done, however. Right-wingers felt betrayed, and the left wing was resurgent. Pressure from the Allies to continue the war against Germany put the government under increasing strain. The conflict between the "diarchy" became obvious, and, ultimately, the regime and the dual power formed between the Petrograd Soviet and the Provisional Government instigated by the February Revolution was replaced in the October Revolution.
This reads as a moderately honest retelling but skates over the heavy involvement of the Jews. That is rather the point of the Wiki.
The October Revolution (Russian: Октябрьская революция, Oktyabr'skaya revolyutsiya), also known as the Great October Socialist Revolution, Red October or the Bolshevik Revolution, was a political revolution and a part of the Russian Revolution of 1917. It took place with an armed insurrection in Petrograd traditionally dated to 25 October 1917 Old Style (O.S.), which corresponds with 7 November 1917 New Style (N.S.).
It was the second phase of the Russian Revolution, after the February Revolution of the same year. The October Revolution in Petrograd overthrew the Russian Provisional Government and gave the power to the local soviets dominated by Bolsheviks. As the revolution was not universally recognized outside of Petrograd there followed the struggles of the Russian Civil War (1917–1922) and the creation of the Soviet Union in 1922.
This was the Bolshevik coup d'etat run by Lenin, Trotsky, Stalin and others, mainly Jews. It was not a lot of fun for people. The Cheka or secret police were very successful in causing general gloom.
Russian Civil War 1917 - 1922
The Russian Civil War (1917–1923) was a multi-party war that occurred within the former Russian Empire after the Russian provisional government collapsed to the Soviets, under the domination of the Bolshevik party. Soviet forces first assumed power in Petrograd (St. Petersburg) and subsequently gained control throughout Russia.
The principal fighting occurred between the Bolshevik Red Army, often in temporary alliance with other leftist pro-revolutionary groups, and the forces of the White Army, the loosely-allied anti-Bolshevik forces. Many foreign armies warred against the Red Army, notably the Allied Forces, and many volunteer foreigners fought on both sides of the Russian Civil War. The Polish–Soviet War is often viewed as a theatre of the conflict. Other nationalist and regional political groups also participated in the war, including the Ukrainian nationalist Green Army, the Ukrainian anarchist Black Army and Black Guards, and warlords such as Ungern von Sternberg.
The most intense fighting took place from 1918 to 1920. Major military operations ended on 25 October 1922 when the Red Army occupied Vladivostok, previously held by the Provisional Priamur Government. The last enclave of the White Forces was the Ayano-Maysky District on the Pacific coast, where General Anatoly Pepelyayev did not capitulate until 17 June 1923.
In Soviet historiography the period of the Civil War has traditionally been defined as 1918–1921, but the war's skirmishes actually stretched from 1917 to 1923.
The Greens were for people - I think.
Alexander Fyodorovich Kerensky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Фёдорович Ке́ренский, Aleksandr Fyodorovich Kerenskii) (4 May [O.S. 22 April] 1881 – 11 June 1970) was a Russian politician. Kerensky served as the second Prime Minister of the Russian Provisional Government until Vladimir Lenin was elected by the All-Russian Congress of Soviets following the October Revolution. He died in exile.
February Revolution of 1917
When the February Revolution broke out in 1917, Kerensky was one of its most prominent leaders: he was member of the Provisional Committee of the State Duma and was elected vice-chairman of the Petrograd Soviet. He simultaneously became the first Minister of Justice in the newly formed Provisional Government. When the Soviet passed a resolution prohibiting its leaders from joining the government, Kerensky delivered a stirring speech at a Soviet meeting. Although the decision was never formalized, he was granted a de facto exemption and continued acting in both capacities..............
October Revolution of 1917
During the Kornilov Affair, Kerensky had distributed arms to the Petrograd workers, and by October most of these armed workers had gone over to the Bolsheviks. On 25–27 October (Julian Calendar) 1917 the Bolsheviks launched the second Russian revolution of the year. Kerensky's government in Petrograd had almost no support in the city. Only one small force, the First Petrograd Women's Battalion, also known as The Women's Death Battalion, was willing to fight for the government against the Bolsheviks, but this force too crossed over to the revolution without firing a single shot. It took less than 20 hours before the Bolsheviks had taken over the government.......
Kerensky narrowly escaped, and spent the next few weeks in hiding before fleeing the country, eventually arriving in France. During the Russian Civil War he supported neither side, as he opposed both the Bolshevik regime and the White Movement.
He sounds half way decent. It was America he went to after.
The Mensheviks and the Bolsheviks were the same party. Then they split. Both had the potential for the evil that the Bolsheviks achieved.
Are the comedians who brought us the Bolshevik Revolution with millions of dead to prove it. They were not all Jews.
Finnish Civil WarWas a consequence of the Tsar's fall in 1917. Finland became independent after much bloodshed.
Russian Revolution Observers
There were men there at the time reporting, writing, acting. Here are some.
broken links, cock ups, over-emphasis, malice [ real or
imaginary ] or whatever; if you find any I am open to comment.
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Updated on Thursday, 27 September 2012 18:44:16